Efficient Pond Management - Bacteria and Enzymes

Bacteria and Enzymes

Pond and lake bacteria are a natural part of the environment. These little creatures break down compounds in the environment to live including the nitrate and phosphates the aquatic plants use to grow as well. We have found in our management practices that bioaugmentation and biostimulation of these natural bacteria can be a very useful tool to improve the condition of a lake or pond. As the pond improves it generally requires less time, effort or chemical to keep the conditions optimal.

Bioaugmentation is the addition of a group of natural microbial strains into an environment. In this case we are adding strains of bacteria to increase the total population of the bacteria in the body of water. This increased number of bacteria consumes a larger amount of nutrients in the pond reducing the amount of nutrients remaining to feed the aquatic plant growth. We have bacterial products that are in solid, liquid and pellet forms to be used for specific applications.

Biostimulation is the modification of the environment to stimulate existing bacteria capable of bioremediation. We use micronutrients added to the water to give the bacteria everything they need for maximal growth. You can think of it as supplemental vitamins for lakes and ponds. The products can be added manually in various ways or set up on an automated pump for hands free and worry free dispensing.

Determining which of these techniques to use in your pond depends on many factors that we can determine with a quick site visit. All bacteria work better when conditions are right with good oxygenation through the entire water column including the sediment-water interface. Sometimes requires installing an aeration system to achieve this state.

Biostimulation and bioaugmentation are natural ways to improve your pond. As the pond becomes more balanced, less work and fewer chemicals are required to keep the aquatic plant growth in check saving you money.

Here is an EPA guide on using bioremediation.

Case Study - Aerationand Enzymes

Case Study - Bacteria Sludge Pellets

All Things Water

Memberships include:

North American Lake Mangment Society

Aquatic Ecosystem Restoration Foundation

Midwest Aquatic Plant Management Society